LOCATION

Tatanka Wakapala (Buffalo Creek) is located off of BIA Highway 7 on the Cheyenne River Lakota Reservation, in the eastern part of Dewey County, South Dakota. The area of Tatanka Wakpala being considered for restoration is 10 acres (see google maps below).

“Dewey County is in the north-central part of South Dakota (fig. 1). The total area is about 244 square miles, or 1,559,680 acres, of which 55,104 acres is inland water, mainly Lake Oahe. Timber Lake is the county seat and the largest town in the county. All of Dewey Count but the northern and southwestern parts is in the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation.

The landscape is a broad plain interrupted by deeply entrenched streams and drainageways and by buttes that rise 100 feet or more above the plain. The relief is nearly level to sloping in the northwestern and southwestern parts of the county and is sloping-to-steep in much of the rest. The elevation above sea level ranges from 2,460 feet in the northwest corner to about 1,610 feet along Lake Oahe. All the northern part of the county but the extreme northwest corner is drained by the Moreau River, which flows from west to east into Lake Oahe. The eastern and southern parts of the county are drained by tributaries that flow into Lake Oahe, which covers the Cheyenne River and Missouri River Valleys.

About 88 percent of the land area is in native grass and is used for range. About 12 percent is cropped. Corn, winter wheat, spring wheat, oats, and alfalfa are the principal crops. Much of the grain and alfalfa is fed to livestock, but about 40 percent of the farm and ranch income in the county is from sale of crops, mainly wheat. The main concerns in managing cultivated soils are conserving moisture, controlling erosion and soil blowing, and maintaining fertility.”
FROM SOIL SURVEY OF DEWEY COUNTY, SOUTH DAKOTA

Figure 1.-Location of Dewey County in South Dakota.

HISTORY OF THE RELOCATION OF LAKOTA

LOCATION OF TATANKA WAKPALA (google maps)

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